Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract, comprising ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD). Progression of IBD leads to long-term impairment of intestinal structure and function. The pathogenesis of IBD is complex, involving environmental, immunological, genetic, microbial, and psychological factors. The conventional therapies and many existing biopharmaceuticals for IBD have limited efficacy or adverse effects. As a promising safe and effective therapy for IBD, resveratrol has been studied widely, as it has shown anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity. Resveratrol’s mechanism of action involves multiple immune responses and signaling pathways; it is absorbed quickly and metabolized into various derivatives. However, the poor water solubility and low bioavailability of resveratrol limit its clinical applications. Further research should attempt to improve the stability and oral bioavailability of resveratrol by modification and various delivery systems.
© 2017 New York Academy of Sciences.